Signs of Premature Birth

One of the most frightening situations for pregnant women and the possibility of a preterm birth is considered a premature baby , a baby born before 37 weeks of gestation, fortunately the survival rate of these premature babies is increasing.

Signs of Premature Birth

Some women suffer from premature birth threats, fortunately, more than half end up with up to 37 weeks.

There are still special situations in which the medical team anticipates to save the life of the baby and the mother, is the case of pre-eclampsia or when the intrauterine growth stops.

The pregnancies of more than one baby are also more prone to having a preterm birth.

There are several types of prematurity of infants

Babies born before 34 weeks of gestation, these cases are more severe, the fewer weeks the baby is in the belly, decrease the chances of survival and increase the risk of suffering from sequelae. In this case, the baby is taken immediately to the neonatal intensive care unit (ICU or ICU).

Babies born between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation may need help breathing and breastfeeding, but the chances of survival are many.

Whenever the woman shows signs of preterm birth she should take corticosteroid injections to mature the baby’s lungs faster. In these cases you may not need any special treatment.

Signs of Premature Birth

Out-of-normal vaginal discharge, more abundant.

Bleeding

Intestinal pain or diarrhea.

Pressure in the pelvis

Back pain that comes in waves

Abdominal pains, menstrual type pains.

Breaking the water bag (this is easier to detect)

More than four contractions in less than an hour, these do not diminish even if you rest or change position

Almost feel these symptoms should go to the hospital or call your attending physician, precaution is the best solution in these cases. The medical team will monitor the contractions, monitor the baby’s heart rate and see if any ruptured membranes have occurred. They also perform urinalysis to check for signs of infection and a culture of cells from the cervix and vagina.

Risk Factors for Preterm Labor

  • Short uterine cervix
  • Vaginal infections
  • Placenta low
  • Excess of amniotic fluid
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Bicorn or septate uterus
  • Have had a miscarriage, between 16 and 24 weeks of pregnancy
  • Have already had a premature birth
  • Tobacco, alcohol or other substances

To reduce the risk of preterm birth , you should have a good prenatal care, rest, avoid efforts, and end vices.

Eat a healthy, balanced diet, drink plenty of water throughout the day, do not hold urine to prevent infections, and do activities that help fight anxiety and stress.

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