This concept is formed by two terms that in themselves contain an individual and authentic sense.
Analysis is the examination of a reality susceptible of intellectual study that, through the distinction and separation of its parts, allows knowing its constituent elements and principles.
Literary is that belonging to or related to literature. This term, which comes from the Latin litterae, is linked to the body of knowledge to write and read well. Literature is an art that has the language as a means of expression.
The literary analysis, therefore, consists of an assessment comminuting and recognize the different aspects that make up a play. This work is done by examining the plot, theme, exposition, style, and other issues pertaining to a literary work.
Thanks to literary analysis, it is possible to know what resources the author of a particular work used, with what intention he used them and what things he considered when developing a certain structure or perching on a particular genre. As we approach the analysis of the work we can understand more fully everything that is linked to it and take it to a higher level of understanding.
How to do a literary analysis?
Analyzing a literary work, then, is an activity that requires certain essential steps that, beyond the differences of the case, are repeated over and over again at the time of the analysis.
Although there are people who are especially dedicated to the development and research of the works, for which they have been preparing for several years; any good reader could be a potential analyst if he so desired; Although you should keep in mind that it is an arduous task and that it will require a lot of time and attention on your part.
The first step of any literary analysis is the reading of the work and the recognition of its historical and social context. From then on, it is necessary to determine the theme, structure and form of the text and characterize the characters and the setting.
Depending on the type of text before which we find ourselves, our analysis will take one direction or another. According to the demands of the job, in turn, we will get a more complex or superficial work, it always depends on what are the reasons that lead us to do it.
We will have to determine, first of all, the genre and subgenre to which the work belongs. For example: story, police. It is usually very useful to establish comparisons between the work in question and another belonging to the same genre, because there are common elements that can help us in the interpretation of the work of our interest.
If it is a prose work we will have to address aspects such as style, considering that this is the way in which the writer has wanted to express himself on that occasion. And analyzing the language of that author. Another thing that we must take into account is the narrative rhythm: the speed at which the events unfold and consider whether the author has met our expectations regarding this topic. We must also analyze the narrator’s point of view: who tells the story and how, taking into account above all the degree of credibility that he has achieved in our opinion.
At the end of our exhaustive analysis we will have to capture the conclusions of our work. The most important thing at the moment is to capture all the characteristics of the work from different points of view. It is also possible to include a critical analysis, opinions based on the detailed characteristics and, if we want to be more correct references, to make evident the veracity of our conclusions.