There are so many types of analysis that focusing on a single definition applicable across the board is very difficult. At a general level, it can be said that an analysis consists of identifying the components of a whole, separating them and examining them to gain access to its most basic principles.
When talking about clinical analysis, mention is made of a quantitative and qualitative level examination of certain components of an organism. This examination allows to develop a diagnosis of a situation related to health.
The distinction between qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis refers to the type of data with which they work. While quantitative analysis seeks to know quantities, qualitative analysis focuses on characteristics that cannot be quantified.
A quantitative analysis of the components of a beverage may indicate that a liter of said substance has 100 milliliters of component A, 450 milliliters of component B and 450 milliliters of component C. The qualitative analysis, on the other hand, may indicate that component A is sweet and helps improve flavor, while components B and C provide acidity to quench the thirst of those who consume the drink.
A genetic analysis aims to obtain information about the DNA of a person, ancestor, possible congenital diseases and a series of other data. It is usually done from a blood or saliva sample.
There are five types of genetic analysis:
Tracking: It allows obtaining information from an individual to determine recessive genetic disturbances that can be communicated through genes. It is usually carried out between couples who want to have children and come from families with certain diseases to prevent possible complications in said child.
Prenatal diagnosis: it is a genetic type test that is carried out on the creatures before they are born; It is usually done when there is a possibility that the baby is a carrier of a genetic disease, or presents other problems such as mental retardation or some type of physical disability.
Examination of the newborn: It allows us to know when the child is barely born if he has any possibility of becoming ill and, in the event that this study is positive, it allows us to search for treatments that are available in order to anticipate the facts and prevent a catastrophe.
Late-onset disorders: It allows the discovery of illnesses that are difficult to diagnose in adults, such as cancer or heart diseases whose causes may be genetic but with environmental elements that have led to them.
Any of these tests aims to obtain genetic information from a person in order to prevent possible disorders or find the appropriate treatment to treat an existing problem.
Another type of analysis can be risk analysis, which consists of a methodology tool that is used to understand investments in a field, whether local, national or international. It allows foreseeing certain disasters and evaluating those damages or losses that have arisen as a consequence of an external threat to a person or a group (municipalities, communities).
For it to be carried out, it is essential to take into account not only threats, but also the vulnerability of the affected sector. Once a detailed study of the disaster and its consequences has been carried out, it is determined what capacities the State has to face the reconstruction or healing of the damages caused and whether it will need international cooperation for this. In short, thanks to this tool you can not only understand an ecological problem, to give an example, but you can also design an action plan to solve it and prevent future similar problems. Finally, it should be noted that the main purpose of risk analysis is to improve decision-making in order to prioritize investments locally and nationally.
In statistics, there is a term in the concept of multivariate analysis to the set of methods offered by statistics to break down the values of different variables, taken by one or more groups and to establish comparisons and generalizations. It is a method that offers elements that univariate and bivariate methods do not possess and therefore allows solving things from a more accurate statistical point of view, essential in certain cases.
Having said all this, we will conclude by limiting that an analysis can also be an evaluation, examination or investigation of an intellectual work. The term is also used in reference to psychoanalytic therapy when referring to the evaluation of patients.
Some phrases where the term appears may be: “We are going to have to submit the patient to a toxicological analysis to find out why he came to the clinic in this state”, “The manager spent several hours analyzing the report”, “I think the analysis of the match made by the coach is very accurate ».