Before entering fully into the meaning of the term objective description, we are going to know the etymological origin of the two words that give it shape:
-Description, first of all, derives from Latin, exactly from “descriptio”, which means “action and effect of writing on the way in which something in particular is perceived”. It is the result of the sum of three differentiated components: the prefix “de-”, which indicates “from top to bottom”; the verb “scribere”, which is synonymous with “write”, and the suffix “-cion”, which is used to indicate “action and effect”.
-Objective, secondly, also comes from Latin. In his case, it emanates from “obiectus”, which is formed from the union of two different parts: the prefix “ob-”, which is synonymous with “against”, and the verb “iacere”, which can be translated as “to throw ”.
Description is called the narration of the characteristics or traits of something or someone. The term objective, on the other hand, can refer to what is linked to an object in itself, without considering ways of feeling or thinking.
An objective description, therefore, is one that does not reflect the author’s opinion. Whoever develops this type of description tries that his subjectivity does not influence the enumeration that he makes.
It can be said that an objective description aims to adjust as closely as possible to reality, leaving aside evaluations. Therefore, we can state that the objective description is the one that is characterized by presenting reality without issuing any value judgment, because it is exact and also because it is clear, while using a long list of adjectives. Of course, to all this we must add that it is very thorough.
Different is the case of the subjective description, where the author offers his point of view and shares his sensations or impressions. Specifically, in the subjective description many connotative adjectives are used, it usually pursues a certain aesthetic purpose and, in addition, the issuer of the same is not so concerned with reflecting reality but rather focuses fundamentally on giving an account of how it generates effects in its person, for example.
When the authorities try to find a person who is missing, it is common for them to release an objective description of their physical characteristics so that the population can commit to the search and collaborate. Therefore, the photo of the individual may appear in the media accompanied by a description that states: “We are looking for a 19-year-old boy who is 1.75 meters tall and weighs 90 kilograms. He has brown hair, light blue eyes, and a mole on his left cheek. ” As can be seen, the description is objective since it does not show signs of subjectivity.
In another context, the search could be different and appeal to a subjective description. A girl can post on social media: “I am looking for the most beautiful young man in the world: I met him yesterday on the western train at three in the afternoon. He has sky-colored eyes, a beautiful smile, and an athlete’s body. Can you help me find it?” . Qualifications and personal assessments make this description not objective.