A so-called transit syndrome is a disease in which those affected usually have to cope with severe and prolonged suffering. There are various reasons for this, including the extreme complexity of this health impairment.
What is continuity syndrome?
According to Phonejust, in medical terminology, a passage syndrome is understood to mean a whole series of mental disorders, the triggers of which are not always known.
Since continuity syndrome is an accumulation of various clinical pictures, it is often difficult to make a clear diagnosis. The more atypical symptoms, which in their entirety are important for a definition of the continuity syndrome, include the general disorientation and confusion of those affected and, under certain circumstances, an aggressive demeanor.
The most common physical signs of passage syndrome are high blood pressure, increased pulse and excessive sweating.
The causes that can lead to continuity syndrome are a whole range of triggering factors. The emergence of the transit syndrome has not yet been concretely understood.
In the case of passage syndrome, there is a close connection between physical illnesses and their effects on the central nervous system. The passage syndrome is often seen after a serious illness or extensive surgical procedure. Amazingly, the ailments associated with passage syndrome only last a limited period of time, but can also trigger a serious mental disorder.
Transit syndrome mainly affects patients who have been in inpatient treatment for a long time and who may develop various psychological abnormalities as a result. Surviving heart operations, organ transplants, accidents or after-effects of certain anesthetics can also be causally related to a continuity syndrome.
Symptoms, ailments & signs
The passage syndrome is associated with many different complaints, all of which, however, have a very negative effect on the quality of life of the person affected and significantly reduce it. As a rule, those affected with this disease suffer from severe internal restlessness and furthermore from disorders of coordination and orientation.
Also, mood swings or depression may be caused by the passage syndrome and make daily work of the person concerned. Many patients also suffer from confusion, which can easily injure themselves or put them in dangerous situations. Furthermore, the passage syndrome also leads to sweating and high blood pressure.
Disturbances of consciousness or memory disorders can also occur due to the passage syndrome and make everyday life more difficult. In severe cases, hallucinations can also occur. Persistent fear and social exclusion often result. Those affected no longer take an active part in everyday life, so that contact is broken off.
In the further course, the continuity syndrome can also lead to the death of the patient if the symptoms persist and are not treated. Stress often occurs, which has a negative effect on the heart of the person concerned. The syndrome can also have a negative impact on the sleep of the person concerned and lead to sleep problems and thus irritability.
Diagnosis & course
In the course of the continuity syndrome, acute physical complaints such as sensitivity to light, fear, strong mood swings or abnormal sensations arise initially. The patients suffer from states of confusion in the further course, are limited in their ability to think and their perception.
In some cases, hallucinations and fearful states occur. The symptoms increase and severely impair the “normal” appearance of those affected, so that sooner or later a visit to the doctor is unavoidable, also for reasons of self-endangerment.
When diagnosing the continuity syndrome, the doctor first relies on the anamnesis, the patient interview and carries out a physical (mainly neurological) and laboratory medical examination. In addition, so-called exclusion diagnostics must be carried out when diagnosing continuity syndrome. These measures are expanded through the use of special X-ray procedures.
When should you go to the doctor?
The continuity syndrome does not normally require medical treatment. The symptoms usually disappear after a few hours or days. However, if this spontaneous healing does not take place, medical care is necessary.
Additional complaints such as unusually high or low body temperature or discoloration of the skin should be reported to the responsible employee or doctor. The same applies if a change in behavior is noticed or the person concerned panics. Patients who are physically weakened by the operation require regular check-ups if they have a continuity syndrome.
Most importantly, the doctor should check blood pressure and ensure that the patient is drinking enough fluids. If the patient disregards the instructions of the nursing staff and endangers himself or others, restraint can be carried out in consultation with the relatives. In most cases, however, it is sufficient if the patient is monitored and, if necessary, given a light sedative. In severe cases – if the person concerned injures himself or has intense hallucinations – the symptoms of the continuity syndrome can be worked up with a therapist after the treatment.
Treatment & Therapy
If the existence of a continuity syndrome has been clearly proven, special therapeutic measures are taken. If there are no other physical illnesses, treatment for continuity syndrome mainly relates to improving the mental state of those affected.
Medicines known as neuroleptics are helpful at this point. In the case of a passage syndrome, these calm down and are entered via the vein if necessary. It is mainly about drugs like haloperidol or risperidone. These active ingredients improve sleep in patients suffering from passage syndrome.
These drugs are supplemented with strong psychological symptoms after an intensive psychiatric diagnosis of passage syndrome optionally substituted by psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants (against depressive states) or benzodiazepines.
Very extensive measures are not required in every case in the case of a continuity syndrome. This always depends on the severity and severity of the stress in the passage syndrome. In order to prevent the worsening of a passage syndrome, alcoholic beverages should be avoided.
With patience and the support of relatives, the continuity syndrome is usually over after a few days. In the case of continuity syndrome, the patients are usually nervous and only have to come to rest gradually.
Outlook & forecast
The prognosis for continuity syndrome depends on the underlying condition. As the name suggests, continuity syndrome is a temporary discomfort that either goes away completely or leads to a chronic illness after the acute phase. The passage syndrome is defined for temporary organic brain changes. According to the definition, it belongs to the functional psychoses without clouding of consciousness. It has to be differentiated from other psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia, dementia or reactive psychoses.
The transit syndrome thus represents a phase of acute psychotic symptoms. To this day, however, the term “transit syndrome” is controversial, which is also an outdated term for a briefly occurring delirium. This syndrome is often associated with psychotic changes in consciousness of people in the postoperative phase or during intensive care care. Often the symptoms of the so-called passage syndrome subside without treatment.
In severe forms, however, psychotropic drugs and sedatives can be used. However, there is no specific therapy. It is important to monitor blood pressure. With recurring phases of confusion and disorientation, only the successful treatment of the underlying disease can contribute to the fact that the organic brain changes regress completely. Without treatment, there is then the risk of developing a chronic organic brain syndrome, which can eventually turn into a dementia syndrome.
Prevention of passage syndrome is not possible. The body overreacts to a threat in various situations and is in a state of alarm. Everyone processes intensive medical treatment and an inpatient stay in a clinic differently. Even intensive interventions and accidents leave their mark on the soul despite proper medical care and care and must first be dealt with.
In most cases, those affected have very few options and measures for follow-up care, so that those affected depend on a comprehensive examination and treatment by a doctor. Self-healing cannot occur, so that in the case of continuity syndrome, the early investigation of the disease is in the foreground in order to prevent the symptoms from worsening further.
The disease is usually treated with the help of medication. Those affected are dependent on regular intake and the correct dosage of the medication in order to permanently alleviate the symptoms. If anything is unclear or if you have any questions, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Furthermore, many patients with continuity syndrome rely on the help and support of their friends and family in everyday life to make it easier. Loving care also has a positive effect on the further course of the continuity syndrome. In general, a healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet can also have a positive effect on the disease, whereby the person concerned should primarily avoid alcohol and tobacco.
You can do that yourself
A continuity syndrome as an organic psychosyndrome can only be successfully treated medically if the cause is known. Self-help is not possible for those affected due to the frequently occurring confusion and disorientation. In addition, the patients are usually admitted to the hospital so that measures to cope with everyday life are not an option in the acute state.
Relatives, on the other hand, can take some measures to ensure that an environment that is as stress-free as possible is created for the patient and that orientation is strengthened.
A dim light at night can be helpful, for example, to prevent anxiety and disorientation. Patients should also be addressed by name again and again in order to stimulate memory. Well-known music or smells can also be helpful in the individual.
Regular visits in a friendly and calm atmosphere can also be helpful for those with continuity syndrome. It is important to ensure that there is sufficient supply of fluid to maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance, as deficiency can also lead to disorientation.
Since the patients with a continuity syndrome are not able to help themselves, relatives and visitors should ensure that the nursing and sensory environment is designed as optimally as possible. This increases the likelihood that the sick will recover.