In Latin it is where we find the etymological origin of the word congenital. Specifically, it derives from “congenitus”, which is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited components:
-The prefix “with”, which can be translated as “together”.
-The word “genitus”, which is synonymous with “begotten”.
The term congenital is used to describe what is born with oneself. This adjective is also used with reference to what originates together with something.
In medicine, a condition or trait is indicated to be congenital if it was acquired during intrauterine development. This means that, at the time of birth, the person already has the condition or trait in question.
According to DigoPaul, the congenital can be inherited, acquired by an infection or developed by the action of a chemical or physical agent. The congenital diseases, as can be seen, are varied and may have different gravities.
Suppose that a woman, during her pregnancy, was in contact with agrochemicals. Once she gave birth, her son had malformations in her legs. These malformations are congenital: they were produced in the fetal period by the action of chemical substances. That is why the child, at birth, already suffered from the disorder.
There are many so-called congenital diseases that exist. However, in this case, it is worth highlighting some such as the following:
-Poland syndrome, which in addition to being congenital is classified as a rare disease. It was discovered in the first half of the 19th century by Alfred Poland and affects the development of muscles. In more than half of the cases the alterations fall on what is the right hemisphere.
-Elevated scapula, which also responds to the name of Sprengel’s deformity. It is a rare and congenital pathology that can be detected already during pregnancy. It is characterized because the person who suffers it has an abnormal position in terms of the thorax and also the neck of the shoulder blade. Specifically, the scapula, as its name suggests, has a fairly high position.
-Tritanomaly, which is a congenital disease characterized by affecting the colors that the person sees. It is a very rare variant of what color blindness is and leads to the person in question having trouble differentiating what is blue from yellow and vice versa.
Ho Kaufman Mcalister Syndrome or bronchopulmonary sequestration are other congenital diseases.
The congenital malformations, therefore, are anatomically type alterations that occur in the fetal period. These malformations can occur in the extremities, organs, or systems.
Congenital myopathy is called, on the other hand, a genetic disorder that causes complications in the functioning of the muscles. This congenital problem can be reflected in muscle weakness, digestive problems and breathing difficulties, to name a few possibilities.
In a similar sense, congenital heart diseases are heart problems that occur before birth. In some cases, congenital heart diseases are only detected in adulthood since, in the previous years, they did not give any symptoms.